托福阅读备考之长难句分析:纳瓦霍人

2016-10-18编辑: 环球教育整理来自: 互联网

  As relative newcomers to the Southwest, a place where their climate, neighbors,and rulers could be equally inhospitable, the Navajo created these art forms to affect the world around them, not just through the recounting of the actions symbolized, but through the beauty and harmony of the artworks themselves. (TPO41, 49)

  大家自己先读,不回读,看一遍是否能理解

  (As relative newcomers to the Southwest), (a place) (where their climate, neighbors, and rulers could be equally inhospitable), the Navajo created these art forms to affect the world around them, (not just through the recounting of the actions symbolized, but through the beauty and harmony of the artworks themselves. ) (TPO41, 49)

  托福阅读长难句分析:

  这个句子的主干部分:

  the Navajo created these art forms to affect the world around them

  修饰一:(As relative newcomers to the Southwest),介词短语

  中文:作为西南部相对较新的人

  修饰二:(a place) ,同位语

  中文:一个地方

  修饰三:(where their climate, neighbors,and rulers could be equally inhospitable) ,从句

  中文:在那里气候恶劣、邻居冷漠以及统治者暴政

  修饰四:(not just through the recounting of the actions symbolized, but through the beauty and harmony of the artworks themselves. ),介词短语

  注意这里有一个搭配:not just … but … 不仅…而且

  中文:不仅是通过详述这些象征性的行为,而且还通过艺术品本身的美和和谐

  托福阅读长难句参考翻译:

  作为西南部(在那里气候恶劣、邻居冷漠以及统治者暴政)相对较新的人,纳瓦霍人不仅是通过详述这些象征性的行为,而且还通过艺术品本身的美和和谐,创造了这些艺术形式来影响他们周围的世界。

  这个句子的主要修饰成分就是从句、介词短语和同位语,大家务必想清楚,每一个修饰成分修饰的是什么,才能看清楚这个句子的结构。

  这个句子的主要修饰成分就是从句、介词短语以及非谓语动词,大家务必想清楚,每一个修饰成分修饰的是什么,才能看清楚这个句子的结构。

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